A short distance north of the landing stage for ferries to the Isle of Wight, the visitor will pass the gateway to the old docks in Portsmouth harbor. This is the site of Lord Nelson's flagship, which was built in 1765 and is almost 197ft/60m long, with five decks and 104 cannons. It was lifted from the sea in 1921 and restored. In his hour of victory at the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), barely 20 minutes after he had penetrated the French lines, Vice-Admiral Nelson was fatally wounded and died in the cockpit of his legendary ship, "HMS Victory".
In 1805, Vice Admiral Lord Nelson on board his flagship, HMS Victory, led 27 British ships into battle off Cape Trafalgar against a much larger combined French and Spanish fleet.
Thanks to Nelson's inspired leadership, the British won a great victory and the Battle of Trafalgar has become a defining moment in our history. But Nelson paid the ultimate price - struck by a single bullet as he paced the quarterdeck with his captain, Thomas Hardy, he survived just long enough to learn the outcome of the battle.
Photos taken as soon as we got out from this ship, we were hungry and thirsty after having our guided tour, listening to its history....
The "Mary Rose", which formed part of the fleet of Henry VIII, is a ship of great historical interest. This four-decker boat, with its 91 bronze cannons, was built in 1509-10 from best Hampshire oak and enlarged to 700 tons in 1536. In 1545, during a sea battle against the French, it sank just a mile and a quarter from its home port. The sea was so rough during this battle that water entered the upper deck of the vessel through the cannon covers and within a short space of time the "Mary Rose" sank to the bottom of the Solent. In 1836 the first divers went down to look for the frigate, and from 1965 onwards the explorations were intensified. Finally, on October 11th 1982, the Tudor ship was lifted from the sea-bottom.
The hull of the Mary Rose, which is currently undergoing an active conservation process to preserve her for all time, can be viewed by the visiting public in the ship hall, which is a short walk from the Museum.