It was the Golomodor, also known as holodomor in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic during the pre-war years from 1932-1933. Millions of people died of starvation during these times caused by famine when Soviet policies forced into collective farms under the Stalin dictatorship. There was so much debate arising from this great catastrophe whether or not this was an act of genocide or simply was a result of the economic problems brought about the changes of Soviet industrialization.
The name is derived from two Ukrainian words mor (plague) and holod (hunger) and literally means “plague of hunger” (Making Sense of Suffering by Johan Dietsch. This was a famine engineered by the Soviet Union as part of a series of actions, including mass executions, designed to destroy the Ukrainian nation. Census data reveal a shortfall of 11,000, 000 in the Ukrainian population by 1937. Before and during 1937 large numbers of Ukrainians would be executed in the Great Terror which, although all the Soviet Union was affected, had a specifically Ukrainian dimension.
Perhaps the worst part about this mass murder is the success of its cover-up by the communist regime abetted by many western correspondents stationed in the Soviet Union at the time.